Get Acidic Pit Lakes: The Legacy of Coal and Metal Surface Mines PDF

By Walter Geller, Martin Schultze, Bob Kleinmann, Christian Wolkersdorfer

ISBN-10: 3642293832

ISBN-13: 9783642293832

ISBN-10: 3642293840

ISBN-13: 9783642293849

This monograph presents a global point of view on pit lakes in post-mining landscapes, together with the matter of geogenic acidification. a lot has been realized over the past decade via examine and useful adventure on the right way to mitigate or remediate the environmental difficulties of acidic pit lakes. within the first a part of the publication, normal clinical matters are awarded in 21 contributions from the fields of geo-environmental technology, water chemistry, lake physics, lake modeling, and at the abnormal organic gains that happen within the severe habitats of acidic pit lakes. one other bankruptcy presents an outline of equipment at the moment used to remediate acidic pit lakes and deal with outflowing acidic water. the second one a part of the publication is a suite of nearby surveys of pit lake difficulties from 3 eu nations and Australia, and case reviews of assorted person consultant lakes. a last case examine presents an cutting edge method of assessing the industrial price of recent pit lakes and balancing the prices and merits, a beneficial device for choice makers.

Show description

Read or Download Acidic Pit Lakes: The Legacy of Coal and Metal Surface Mines PDF

Best environmental studies books

Read e-book online Energy in nature and society PDF

Strength in Nature and Society is a scientific and exhaustive research of the entire significant power assets, storages, flows, and conversions that experience formed the evolution of the biosphere and civilization. Vaclav Smil makes use of basic unifying metrics (most significantly for energy density and effort depth) to supply an built-in framework for examining all segments of energetics (the learn of power flows and their transformations).

Fundamentals of materials for energy and environmental - download pdf or read online

"How do we meet emerging power calls for? What are our recommendations? Are there doable long term options for the long run? study the basic actual, chemical and fabrics technological know-how on the center of: [bullet] Renewable/non-renewable strength assets [bullet] destiny transportation structures [bullet] power potency [bullet] strength garage no matter if you're a scholar taking an power path or a newcomer to the sector, this ebook may help you realize severe relationships among the surroundings, power and sustainability.

Read e-book online Reclamation of Contaminated Land PDF

Land infection is of world crisis with a number of the world’s industries in all probability harming the surroundings and human overall healthiness. in addition to speedily altering coverage and technological advancements, this can be an interdisciplinary sector within which winning infected land administration is determined by the services of and interplay among a few clinical and engineering disciplines.

New PDF release: Biofilms in Medicine, Industry and Environmental

Biofilms are of serious functional value for priceless applied sciences reminiscent of water and wastewater therapy and bioremediation of groundwater and soil. In different settings biofilms reason critical difficulties, for instance in sixty five in step with cent of bacterial infections at the moment taken care of through clinicians (particularly these linked to prosthetics and implants), sped up corrosion in business platforms, oil souring and biofouling.

Extra info for Acidic Pit Lakes: The Legacy of Coal and Metal Surface Mines

Example text

Von Rohden and Ilmberger 2001). In small- to medium-size lakes, this turbulent transport mainly happens at the side boundaries where waves and currents interact with the slope of the side walls (Gouldsmit et al. 1997). 0 m 10 m 18 m 31 m temperature [°C] 20 15 10 5 XN5 − 2004 0 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Julian day of 2004 Fig. 8 Temperature time series acquired at several depths in Lake Goitsche at sampling site XN5 Fig. g. Lake Constance, Boehrer et al. 2000; Kocsis et al. 1991). As the density gradient is the crucial quantity to overcome, transport coefficients have been correlated with the potential density gradient in the form of a stability frequency N2 ¼ À g oq q oz ð3:6Þ for an empirical correlation of transport coefficients under given stratification conditions (Heinz et al.

As the density gradient is the crucial quantity to overcome, transport coefficients have been correlated with the potential density gradient in the form of a stability frequency N2 ¼ À g oq q oz ð3:6Þ for an empirical correlation of transport coefficients under given stratification conditions (Heinz et al. 1990; von Rohden and Ilmberger 2001). 34 3 Limnology of Pit Lakes In contrast, during circulation periods, vertical transport happens at a fast rate. Oxygen is supplied to deeper layers of the lake and dissolved substances, which have accumulated in the deep waters during the stratification period, are redistributed through the lake.

17a), aluminum, the heavy metals including iron (Fig. 17b), and silicon (Fig. 17c) follow this pattern. Whereas ferric iron and oxidized manganese species increasingly precipitate with increasing pH, concentrations of iron and manganese can still be elevated under neutral conditions due to the high solubility of iron(II) and manganese (II) at anoxic conditions. 17 a–c shall be used for a brief discussion of some fundamental biogeochemical rules in pit lake water; these rules are well established in geochemistry and have been discussed in more detail by Eary (1999).

Download PDF sample

Acidic Pit Lakes: The Legacy of Coal and Metal Surface Mines by Walter Geller, Martin Schultze, Bob Kleinmann, Christian Wolkersdorfer


by Jason
4.2

Rated 4.37 of 5 – based on 18 votes