By F. Stuart Chapin, Mark W. Oswood, Keith van Cleve, Leslie A. Viereck, David L. Verbyla
The boreal wooded area is the northern-most forest biome, whose ordinary heritage is rooted within the impact of low temperature and high-latitude. Alaska's boreal woodland is now warming as quickly because the remainder of Earth, offering an unparalleled examine how this cold-adapted, fire-prone wooded area adjusts to alter. This quantity synthesizes present realizing of the ecology of Alaska's boreal forests and describes their particular beneficial properties within the context of circumpolar and international styles. It tells how fireplace and weather contributed to the biome's present dynamics. As weather warms and permafrost (permanently frozen flooring) thaws, the boreal woodland can be at the cusp of a huge switch in nation. The editors have amassed a extraordinary set of members to debate this fast environmental and biotic transformation. Their chapters hide the houses of the wooded area, the alterations it truly is present process, and the demanding situations those changes current to boreal woodland managers. within the first part, the reader can soak up the geographic and ancient context for realizing the boreal wooded area. The ebook then delves into the dynamics of plant and animal groups inhabiting this wooded area, and the biogeochemical methods that hyperlink those organisms. within the final part the authors discover panorama phenomena that function at better temporal and spatial scales and integrates the methods defined in past sections. a lot of the examine on which this booklet relies effects from the Bonanza Creek long term Ecological learn software. here's a synthesis of the tremendous literature on Alaska's boreal woodland that are supposed to be obtainable to expert ecologists, scholars, and the public.
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Extra info for Alaska's Changing Boreal Forest (The Long-Term Ecological Research Network Series)
Richardson, and K. Updegraff. 2001. Soils of northern peatlands: Histosols and Gelisols. Pages 371–382 in J. L. Richardson and M. J. Vepraska, editors. Wetland Soils: Genesis, Hydrology, Landscapes and Classification. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. Chapman, R. M, F. R. Weber, and B. Taber. 1971. Preliminary geologic map of Livengood quadrangle, Scale 1:250,000. S. Dept. of the Interior. Geological Survey Open File Report 483. Clark, M. , and D. R. Kautz. 1998. Soil survey of Copper River Area, Alaska.
An important biochemical function of vegetation is its addition of litter to the soil where soil microorganisms and fauna transform a portion into humus that is the major fraction of soil organic matter (SOM). SOM decomposes slowly in interior Alaska because of the cold climate. As a result, thick organic layers accumulate under spruce forests, and organic soils form in depressions and bottomlands where saturation causes anaerobic conditions that retard decomposition. More than 95% of the peatlands of the United States are in Alaska, and most are in the boreal region (Bridgham et al.
V. Matthews, C. D. Schweger, and S. B. Young, editors. 1982. Paleoecology of Beringia. Academic Press, New York. Muhs, D. , T. A. Ager, and J. Begét. 2001. Vegetation and paleoclimate of the last interglacial period, central Alaska. Quaternary Science Reviews 20:41–61. Pewe, T. 1955. Origin of the upland silt near Fairbanks, Alaska. Geological Society of America Bulletin 66:699–724. Pye, K. 1987. Aeolian Dust and Dust Deposits. Academic Press, London. Thorson, R. M. 1986. The ceaseless context: Landscapes in the making.
Alaska's Changing Boreal Forest (The Long-Term Ecological Research Network Series) by F. Stuart Chapin, Mark W. Oswood, Keith van Cleve, Leslie A. Viereck, David L. Verbyla